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How to Become a Data Analyst in 2022?

How to Become a Data Analyst, data analytics courseIn the past decade, data has become of prime importance. Organizations are investing heavily to ensure the maximum yield universalize of information from the firm’s database. The need for this extract has risen after the revolution in trade brought about by data analytics. Data Analytics has revolutionized the way the higher management or the owner of the business see’s the data. The insights gained post evaluation and analysis of data and showcasing the same in a visually appealing format or report have modified the approach to business and the campaigns that the firms run to push sales and improve the goodwill of the brand.

How to become a Data Analyst With No Experience?

Data Analytics is a path of untold possibilities and is expected to grow larger than ever before. Since the revolution of digitization of records has lowered the operating costs for companies. The digitized data is stored in huge data silos called databases either through an outsourced connection or through cloud servers whichever fits the need of the business or startup. Data Analytics helps in gaining insights that might be hidden inside the data.

The future of data analytics, in general, is democratization. We have come a long way from only the statisticians or only the number crunchers being able to work with data and then hand it over to the analysts. The term that has been buzzing around the conference rooms is self-service data analytics. Being able to answer the questions of our customers which they don’t even know makes it easily achievable by employing tools like Power BI & Tableau which make it accessible to anybody. These tools do a great job of integrating and implementing a lot of features that require no coding.

Real-time decision-making based on real-time data becomes possible by taking or utilizing some of these advanced data analytics tools which help the user to create a connection between artificial intelligence and machine learning. Data analytics enables the operators to take those complex problems/issues and break them down for business users to understand whilst keeping it simple. The way Power BI & Tableau can drive insights from any basic data set extracted from any database.

Everything around us is data and we just need ways to harness, understand, learn and make good choices based on data analytics. It is here to stay and the next big wave is how do we implement it so it stays forever and continues to expand.

A Step-by-Step Guide to Become a Data Analytic:-

There are basic steps with which anyone can start a career as a Data Analyst: –

  1. Get a bachelor’s degree in Math or Computer science with priority on statistical or analytical skills.
  2. How to become a data analyst without a degree – The easiest way to do this is to master important data analytical skills.
  3. opt for a certification course with Analytics Training Hub to start a data analyst learning path.
  4. Get a job at an entry-level as a data analyst.
  5. Earn a Master’s in Data Analytics.

What does a Data Analyst do?

The job profile of a data analyst entails multiple steps, starting from: –

  • Discover the problem or determine what the owner needs.
  • Do they need a dashboard, do they need reports, do they need to do some type of analysis on their product and give some type of recommendation?
  • When the analysts finally get the idea of what they need to do, they have to create a plan of action.
  • As to when will the user be getting this data and where is it coming from.
  • Often it can be the user’s job to communicate that to the team.
  • The next thing that the user would want to do is to collect the data.
  • Data can come from a ton of different sources so whether that is an SQL backup, a flat file, or an API.
  • After extraction, the analyst should be able to get all that data into one place.
  • Then as a user, you would need to work with your programmers to create an extract, transform and load (ETL) process.
  • So, the user is going to work with the programmer to get the data, and then both the user and the coder are going to create business rules to transform it for how the data analyst wants it to look in your system.
  • Then the operator loads the data and this can also be known as creating an ETL pipeline.
  • if you have data that’s going to be coming in either weekly or monthly the operator wouldn’t want to repeat this process manually every single time.
  • So, creating a pipeline is creating an automated process to bring that data, in the same way, every single time and that’s going to save you a lot of time.
  • The very last thing is aggregating your data which just means standardizing data and putting it all together instead of having it as separate sources.
  • the next step would be to clean the data  Data is always messy.
  • Sometimes they use three different date formats, people’s names are capitalized for absolutely no reason and sometimes somebody forgets to add the customer id. So, you can’t map the patient in your system.
  • The analyst needs to do all this because it makes the data a lot more usable for later processes and part of this is normalizing and standardizing the data so that when you do your visualizations or your reports later all the data looks the same that can be used in any part that you need to be used in.
  • The next thing that the user needs to do is set up the data for reports and visualizations and oftentimes the user achieves this is by creating views.
  • A view allows the operator to combine several tables into one and then choose a subset of that. A data that the user wants to use for the reports and visualizations and each view may need to be formatted differently based on what the operator is going to be using it for in the report or the visualization.
  • Last and foremost is creating the reports and along with automation of that process so that if the owner wants it every week or every month it can just generate the report from a stored procedure or a job that automatically sends it out with the latest data every week or month.
  • The user can also connect that data to a data visualization tool like Tableau, power bi, python, or R.

What is the future Data Analyst job?

As per leading data connoisseurs of the data industry, the job profile of a data analyst seems to hold an extremely promising prospect in the next coming decade or two. The data Analyst job is a stepping stone and may lead to many of the below-mentioned job profiles depending on your interests: –

Data engineers:

data engineer would create the platform and the data structure within which all the data from the users would be captured for example what items they buy that is in their cart currently and what is on their wish list they have to make sure that the captured data is stored in such a fashion that is not only well-organized but it’s also easily retrievable. They should be comfortable working with every data source and employ ETL queries to collate data from multiple data sources and then organize all of this data in data warehouses or databases so that colleagues in the company can make the best use of it. To become a data engineer you need to acquire knowledge of languages such as Python, Java, SQL, Hadoop, Spark, Ruby, and C++. Now all of these are not mandatory but they vary from company to company for the job profile of a data engineer.

Business Analysts:

Business analysts are expected to draw insights from the data which would directly impact business decisions. Business analysts are directly involved in day-to-day business activities and there are a lot of ad hoc analyses that business analyst is expected to do, for example in an e-commerce company a business analyst would help the marketing team identify the customer segments that require marketing or the best time to market a certain product or why the last marketing campaign failed and what to do in future to prevent such mistakes hence for a business analyst a good understanding of business data and statistics is essential.

The tools and languages that would be most commonly used by you as a business analyst would be Excel, SQL, power bi, and tableau. Job profile of a business analyst may also be known as a data visualizer or a business intelligence professional who’s are responsible for creating weekly dashboards to inform the management about weekly sales of different products, the average delivery time, or the number of daily cancellations of orders, etc.

Data scientists:

A data scientist is a rare gem that employs data that has been existing in the organization to design business-oriented machine learning models. As a starting point, a data scientist can go through the available data of the company to look at various buying patterns identify similar items on the website, and then create algorithms around the same so that the website can automatically endorse products to the users based on the navigation history purchase of the consumer. Now this solution has to be effective enough that it can predict future purchases in real-time for visitors of the website.

Data analysts are expected to perform a lot of unplanned analyses which can facilitate decision-making within an organization. Data scientists on the other hand not only perform ad hoc analysis and create prototypes but also create data products that make intelligent decisions by themselves and this is where machine learning becomes extremely critical. For example, the suggestion you get after you buy a particular item or based on the items that you have on your wish list are because of machine learning models built by a data scientist.

The requisite skill for a data scientist is knowledge of algorithms, statistics, mathematics, machine learning, and programming languages such as Python, C, etc. They should also have an understanding of trade and the aptitude to frame the right questions to ask and find the answers from the available data. Finally, a data scientist should be able to communicate the outcomes efficiently to the team members and all the involved stakeholders.

Salary of a Data Analyst:

Salary of a Data Analytic in IndiaThe salary for a Data Analyst may differ in different organizations. But, a Senior Data Analyst with the right skill and software knowledge may command a high price for the services offered.

  • The average salary for an entry-level Data Analyst may start from INR 2.9 lakhs per annum.
  • The average salary for a mid-level Data Analyst may start from INR 4.5 lakhs per annum.
  • The average salary for a Senior level Data Analyst may start from INR 9.5 lakhs per annum.

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